What vitamins do you need when expecting a baby and what foods give you the best pregnancy diet?
Phosphorus, along with calcium and magnesium help make up bones and teeth. Lactating women need almost double the amount of phosphorous than other women.
The RNI for 19 years and over is 550mg per day. Breastfeeding women need an extra 440mg per day, making a total of 990mg per day.
Where do I get it from?
This vitamin helps convert protein and carbohydrate into energy. It is also used in metabolism and brain function. Deficiency can lead to tiredness, weakness, mood swings and lower birth weights.
The RNI for pregnant women rises from 0.8mg a day to 0.9mg a day.
This is needed for healthy muscles, blood and energy levels. If iron is lacking it can lead to anaemia. During pregnancy, a baby is delivered enough iron through the placenta, which sometimes deprives the mother of iron.
The RNI (reference nutrient intake) of iron is 14.8mg per day for women. As the average intake in the UK is only 10.5mg it is very important to get iron intake up to avoid deficiency during pregnancy.
In the early stages of pregnancy, your body uses this mineral for the process of cell replication. Low intakes of zinc have been linked to low birth weight and slow growth rates.
The recommended intake is 7mg a day for women, even during pregnancy. Though your body needs more now, the guideline stays the same as your body naturally absorbs zinc more efficiently after conception.
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