1) Your toddler swallows some detergent. What do you do?
A) Try to get her to vomit it up.
B) Give her a biscuit to help soak it up.
C) Get her to drink milk or water.
D) Go straight to your A&E department and tell them what she’s swallowed.
2) Your child has fallen down the stairs and you’re worried he might have broken an arm. What should you do while calling for medical aid?
A) Give him Calpol for the pain.
B) Pick him up and move him somewhere more comfortable.
C) Sit him up and make a sling to support his arm.
D) Treat him for shock by giving him something sweet to eat and drink.
If glue ear has affected your toddler’s hearing, he may be wrongly labelled naughty for not following instructions he hasn’t been able to understand.
3) Your toddler has knocked over a cup of tea and scalded herself. How do you treat it?
A) Put an ice pack on her burned skin.
B) Apply butter to the burn.
C) Pour cool water over the area.
D) Cover the burn with clingfilm or a clean dressing.
4. Your 3 year old is choking on a small toy. What’s your course of action?
A) Shake him and hope the toy will fall out.
B) Encourage him to cough.
C) Lie him face down along your arm and slap his back.
D) Give him a drink to wash it down his throat more easily.
5) Your baby’s just picked up and eaten some dog poo. Eugh, gross! What do you do?
A) Clean under her fingernails.
B) Make her vomit it up.
C) Wash her mouth out with water.
D) Rinse her mouth out with mouthwash.
6) That bead your 18 month old was playing with has got stuck up his nose. How do you get it out?
A) Pull it out with tweezers.
B) Get him to blow his nose.
C) If it’s visible block the other nostril and seal your mouth round his and blow.
D) Take him to A&E, getting him to breathe through his mouth.
Attacks on children by dogs are fortunately rare, but it’s important to keep little ones safe from aggressive dogs
7) Your toddler has been bitten by a dog, what should you do first?
A) Put a plaster over the wound.
B) Take her to A&E for treatment.
C) Wash the wound and leave it to heal.
D) Pick out any dirt from the cut.
8) Your little one’s fallen over and banged his head and is now complaining that he’s feeling tired. What do you do?
A) Apply a cold compress to his head.
B) Take him to A&E.
C) Give him Calpol.
D) Put him to bed if he seems tired.
9) Somehow your 2 year old has cut her leg on broken glass. How do you treat it
A) Pull out any bits of broken glass from the wound.
B) Get a clean pad and press it down on the wound around any bits of glass until the bleeding stops.
C) Wrap a bandage tightly round the wound to stop the bleeding.
D) Raise her leg up.
10) You turned your back for a second and your toddler stuck his toy into the plug socket and got an electric shock. What do you do?
A) Switch off the electricity supply before you do anything else.
B) Pick him up to reassure him.
C) Distract him with another toy.
D) Douse his burns with cold water.
And now for the answers…
For each correct answer, you get 3 points.
1. D. “Detergent is potentially extremely dangerous,” says Justin Daniels, consultant paediatrician at Great Ormond Street Hospital. “Making a child vomit used to be standard, but this can also cause problems so is now avoided.” Take your toddler straight to A&E and tell them what she’s swallowed and how much you think she had. Take the bottle in with you – it may help the doctors.
2. A. “Painkillers are the first priority to ease any pain,” explains Justin. “It’s better to avoid food as, in the unlikely event that he will need surgery, this can cause problems.”
3. C. Always run cold water over the burn for several minutes. “Avoid covering the burn as burnt skin can easily become infected,” explains Justin.
4. B. “If he’s able to cough then this is the most effective treatment for getting it out, but dial 999 if he’s not able to rapidly cough out the toy,” advises Justin. Don’t put your fingers into his mouth as that may push the toy further down, causing more problems.
5. A. She won’t need treatment for this, just a good wash! You should also avoid giving toddlers mouthwash to gurgle with as she might well try to swallow it.
6. C. If the bead is visible, block the other nostril, seal your mouth round his and blow to try and get the toy out. “This is known as ‘the parent’s kiss’ and is a good way of getting rid of most foreign bodies, and is less distressing for the child,” explains Justin.
7. B. Dog bites can easily become infected as their mouths contain a large number of bacteria. “Your child may need preventative antibiotics depending on where the bite is and how deep it is,” advises Justin.
8. B. Feeling tired after a bang to the head could indicate your little one has concussion, so watch him closely and take him into hospital if he’s excessively tired and sleepy. If he’s complaining of a bad headache or starts to vomit, these are signs that you should make a visit to the hospital too.
9. A. Try to pull out smaller pieces of glass, but bigger pieces that can’t be removed easily might need a trip to the hospital for assistance, as removing them could cause excessive bleeding.
10. A. “You should never touch anyone who is touching a live source of electricity,” warns Justin. “Once the electricity is disconnected, check him over and give NHS Direct a call on 0845 4647.” Again, if in doubt, head to A&E for advice.
So how did you do?
Fewer than 10 points:
Oh dear, a first aid course with St John’s Ambulance (www.sja.org.uk) is most definitely needed.
10 – 20 points:
Could do better, as school reports tend to say. You’ve got some of the basics but your first aid knowledge is a little rusty in places.
20 – 30 points:
Good work, mum! You know just how to cope in an emergency, and from burns to bruises, you’ve got the lot covered.